COPD

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an umbrella term that describes a group of common lung diseases that make it difficult to breathe.
  • COPD includes emphysema, chronic bronchitis, severe (refractory) asthma, and some forms of bronchiectasis.
  • Who has COPD?
    • COPD is more commonly found in:
      • Current or former smokers
      • People aged 65 and older (although younger adults are becoming diagnosed more and more)
      • Those with a history of asthma
      • Those who have been repeatedly exposed to industrial and environmental contaminants such as fumes from cleaning products, office equipment, or cleaning supplies.
  • COPD is more common among American Indian/ Alaska natives and multiracial non-Hispanics, than among other groups, and is more common in women than men.
  • Approximately 15.7 million Americans have been diagnosed with COPD. The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute estimates that another 12 million are undiagnosed or developing COPD.
  • COPD is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States and the third leading cause of death worldwide (as of 2017)
  • The World Health Organization estimated 210 million individuals worldwide have COPD and total deaths are expected to increase more than 30% in the next ten years.