- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an umbrella term that describes a group of common lung diseases that make it difficult to breathe.
- COPD includes emphysema, chronic bronchitis, severe (refractory) asthma, and some forms of bronchiectasis.
- Who has COPD?
- COPD is more commonly found in:
Current or former smokers
People aged 65 and older (although younger adults are becoming diagnosed more and more)
Those with a history of asthma
Those who have been repeatedly exposed to industrial and environmental contaminants such as fumes from cleaning products, office equipment, or cleaning supplies.
COPD is more common among American Indian/ Alaska natives and multiracial non-Hispanics, than among other groups, and is more common in women than men.
Approximately 15.7 million Americans have been diagnosed with COPD. The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute estimates that another 12 million are undiagnosed or developing COPD.
COPD is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States and the third leading cause of death worldwide (as of 2017)
The World Health Organization estimated 210 million individuals worldwide have COPD and total deaths are expected to increase more than 30% in the next ten years.